The historical region of Cappadocia where Derinkuyu is situated, contains several historical underground cities, carved out of a unique geological formation, many of which were largely re-used by early Christians as hiding places.
Over 200 underground cities at least two levels deep have been discovered in the area between Kayseri and Nevsehir, with around 40 of those having at least three levels. The cities at Derinkuyu and Kaymaklı are two of the best examples of underground dwellings.
Derinkuyu underground city, located in the Cappadocia region. In this region 200 near the underground city is one; but it is the deepest and largest. up to 85 meters with 11 floors of a historic town which is large enough to shelter people derinkuyu between 3000-50000.
Derinkuyu underground city was opened to visitors in 1965. the underground city can be visited by tourists but a fraction of 10%. Archaeologists are available to a wider section in order to make the survey.
Quoted in the underground city, which is a gracefully built amazed that everything is done so that a normal life. family rooms, common areas, churches, oil tanks, chimney providing fresh air, clean water containing wells, queues satisfies a school and adequate security, which even until the earth in a burial chamber to hide the dead.
There are 600 doors opened to the outside of the city. Reviewing many of these gates were built so far hidden in the area. The presence of the city was built to hide a course may seem strange that so many gates. However, the city was under attack every gate that can be closed if it is composed of rock moving. If this stone doors can only be opened from the inside.